In the West-oriented educational setting of the 1920s, as part of the Ministry of Education’s initiative to send successful students abroad to help them gain […]
Upon his return to the Academy of Fine Arts in 1932, Yenal found himself in the midst of an important reform process. Once the Republic […]
In 1917, as World War I on full swing, the towers and roof of Haydarpaşa Train Station were burned and considerably damaged due to a […]
In his final year at the school of architecture in 1925, Nazimî Yaver won his first victory outside the school at a competition entitled, “single […]
Nazimî Yaver Yenal’s designs from his years as a student at the Sanayi-i Nefise in the 1920s shed light as much upon his search for the style/identity, as they upon the architectural proclivities of the period. These drawings allow us to assess the impact École des Beaux-Arts had, as a late 19th-century pedagogical reference point, on the academic education embraced at the Sanayi-i Nefise in the 1930s, the only institution of architectural education in Turkey at the time. With its roots in the West featuring variations of an eclectic architectural concept, this prevailing methodology was restructured by adapting it to the Ottoman architectural heritage. The designs developed at the Academy were focused more on façade rather than plan. Their styles notwithstanding, while some of the façades in these drawings were transformed into ostentatious compositions resembling stage décor, they also include details structured with reference to a range of different architectural practices. As one of the most successful students of this period, Yenal was trained at the workshops of Vedad (Tek) and Giulio Mongeri at Sanayi-i Nefise. The entirety of the school projects always featured French titles. The majority of the drawings are in historicist style and particularly mentioned the name of the project instructor with the inscription “O. Nazimî, Élève de M. Mongeri” (O. Nazimî, Student of Mongeri). Nazimî Yaver’s school projects are important and rare examples to have survived to date, reflecting extremely well, partially due to his accomplishments throughout his education, the expectations the Academy had of the students.
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